Friday, August 11, 2006

What do the different Raags in Gurbaani mean?



You are the Gurdwara Sahib listening to Paath or a Hukamnama and you hear "DHANAASREE MEHLAA 5... " or "AASA MEHLAA 1..." followed by a shabad. What does this mean? Well, Sri Guru Granth Sahib jee is the Eternal Guru within which the Light and soul of Guru Nanak Sahib jee resides. If we wish to talk Guru Nanak Sahib jee then Guru jee is residing in the Divine Infinite Wisdom, the SHABAD. Just as a person talks with emotions and moods, Guru Jee also talks to us with particular MOODS and EMOTIONS attached to shabads, which are indicated by RAAGS (musical measures).

There are 31 main raags within the Sri Guru Granth Sahib jee. However, these raags are frequently combined with additional raags making Sri Guru Granth Sahib jee a treasury of sophisticated poetry and music. The wide range of musical measures (which communicate various moods and themes) within Gurbaani re-emphasises that Gurbaani (the Infinite Divine Wisdom) and its message is intended for PEOPLE OF ALL WALKS OF LIFE.


Guru Arjan Dev Sahib jee singing Gurbaani on the Sarandaa (an instrument created by Guru Sahib)


Information on 31 Raags in Sri Guru Granth Sahib jee

Panna

Raag

Common Themes

Feelings communicated

1-13

~

~

~

14-93

Sri

Maya (illusionary world) and detachment

Satisfaction and balance

94-150

Maajh

Yearning to merge with Lord, giving up of negative values.

Loss, beautification

151-346

Gauri

Principles, serious, thoughtfulness, composed

Seriousness

347-388

Aasa

Hope

Making effort

489-526

Goojri

Prayer (Pooja)

Satisfaction, softness of heart, sadness

527-536

Devgandaari

Merging with spouse, self – realization

No specific feeling but the Raag has a softness

537-556

Bihaagra

Yearning due to separation of soul and happiness due to meeting the Lord.

Beautification

557-594

Vadhans

Bhakti (Prayer) Ras


595-599

Sorath

Merits of God

Motivation

660-695

Dhanaasari

Mixed theme

Inspiration, motivation

696-710

Jaitsree

Stability

Softness, satisfaction, sadness

711-718

Todee

Maya, separation

This being a flexible Raag it is apt for communicating many feelings

719-720

Bairaari

Motivation to sing praises of Lord

Sadness, (Gurus have, however, used it for the message of Bhakti)

721-727

Tilang

Many words from the vocabulary of Islamic origins are used, sadness, beautification.

This is a favourite Raag of Muslims. It denotes feeling of beautification and yearning.

728-794

Soohi

Being away from home. The soul being away from the House of Lord and the joy of meeting the true husband.

Joy and separation

795-858

Bilaaval

Beautification of soul, happiness.

Happiness

859-875

Gaund

Separation, union, surprise.

Strangeness, surprise, beauty

876-974

Raamkali

to give up the life of a wandering Yogi

Calmness

975-983

Nat Narayan

Joy of meeting the Lord

Happiness

984-1987

Maali Gaura

Happiness

Happiness

989-1106

Maaru

Bravery

Giving up of cowardice

1107-1117

Tukhari

Separation and union with Lord

Beautification

1118-1124

Kedara

Love

Love and beautification

1125-1167

Bhairau

Man's state of hell

Seriousness, brings stability of mind

1168-1196

Basant

Happiness

Happiness

1197-1253

Saarang

Thirst to meet God

Sadness

1254-1293

Malaar

State of separated and united soul

Separation

1294-1218

Kaanra

Bhakti (Devotion/Prayer)

Bhakti (devotion) and seriousness

1319-1326

Kalyaan

Bhakti (Devotion/Prayer) Ras

Bhakti Ras (feeling the sweet nectar from loving devotion to the Lord)

1327-1351

Parbhati

Vairaag (Detachment)

Bhakti and seriousness

1352-1356

Jaijawanti

Vairaag (Detachment)

Viraag (Detachment)

1357-1430

~

~

~


Source: Prof. Surinder Singh (Raj Academy)

5 comments:

Singhstah said...

thanks for that, its really interesting

Anonymous said...

Manvir Singh Ji, im a bit confused, you state that Gubani has 34 Raags but iv been told there are 59 Raags

im guessing saying "34 main Raags" has something to do with it...could you please explain?

Thank you

Manvir Singh Khalsa said...

Anonymous Jee - There "31" main Raags. These form as CHAPTER HEADINGS in Sri Guru Granth Sahib jee. E.g. "Siri Raag" is the first Raag headed chapter.

"MISHRAT raag" means when two raags are MIXED together. E.g. "GauRee Deepkee". 31 Raags + Mishrat Raag probably equals 59. I am no Raag expert, just sharing the little knowledge daas has learnt from others.

Guru Rakha

Gurpreet Singh said...

Vaheguroojikakhalsa Vaheguroojikifateh
There's 60 Raags....I just went to a camp by Professor Surinder Singh and thats what he said...If you need info you can email him .

Anonymous said...

Gurpreet Singh and Manpreet singh ji .There are 60 raags of equal and independent status. It took me four hours and I found them all in Guru Ganth Sahib ji.