Tuesday, May 02, 2006

Dhan Guru Arjan Dev Sahib Ji - Happy Gurpurb!

Sariaa Nu Lakh Lakh Vadhaaee Hove on today's Gurpurb. Today is the Parkaash Diwas (Birth Day) of Guru Arjan Dev Ji Sahib, the 5th Guru of the Sikhs. Guru Arjan Dev Ji Sahib, the youngest son of Guru Raam Daas Sahib Ji (the fourth Guru) and Mata Bhani Ji who was born at Goindwal Sahib on 2nd May, 1563.


Compilation of Aad Granth Sahib Ji
Guru Arjan Dev Sahib Ji compiled the 'Aad Granth' Sahib Ji, which was scribed by Bhai Gurdaas Ji (the maternal uncle of Guru Arjan Dev Ji). The 'Aad Granth' Sahib Ji was an earlier version of today's Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, which has the Baani (the revealed Divine Word) of the first four Guru Sahibs, Guru Arjan Dev Ji, the Bhagats (Devotees of God), and Bhatts (spiritual Bards). The Aad Granth Sahib Ji was completed and installed in Sri Harmandar Sahib (Amritsar) in 1604. This re-emphasised that the Shabad (the Infinite Divine Wisdom) is the Guru.

Establishment of Sri Darbaar Sahib
Sri Harmandar Sahib, Amritsar was established as the centre of the Sikh People. Baba Sai Mian Mir Ji, a Sufi mystic (from the Naqshbandi Sufi Order), was asked by Guru Arjan Dev Sahib Ji to lay the foundation stone for Sri Harmandar Sahib. This was a symbolic act which demonstrated that a Sikh shouldn't look at a non-Sikh in terms of his/her laws but instead consider their values and value system. Baba Sai Mir Ji and other Sufi mystics close to the Guru Sahibs had the values and value system of Gurmat and Naam.

Establishing Taran TaaranThe city of Tarn Taaran was founded by Guru Arjan Dev Sahib Ji. This was a big city on a big road. This was a declaration to the world and the Mughal authorities that "The Sikhs are here to stay!" The city had the largest Sarowar (water pool) for the Sangat to bathe. Guru Sahib took special care of people suffering sickness and disease. A Leper Home was made near the Sarovar of Taran Taaran Sahib. Guru Sahib personally looked after the lepers by providing them with medicines, dresses and showering them with Divine Grace.

Developing an Economic Centre
Amritsar was developed as an economic centre. Amritsar was next to Lahore (the capital of Panjab). Amritsar becoming an economic and social centre of the Sikhs was a strategic move by Guru Ji for the Sikhs to have their own state. Sikhs from far and wide would come and have darshan (audience) with Guru Sahib and also engage in trade and business, which led to the growing prosperity of the Sikh Nation.

MartyrdomGuru Arjan Dev Sahib Ji was the first Sikh Guru to be shaheed (martyred). The Shaheedi of Guru Arjan Dev Ji started a tradition which carried on throughout history, and will continue to carry on. Guru Arjan Dev Ji said that he can accept Shaheedi (martyrdom) but he cannot accept insult. The way a leader or prophet lives becomes the character of the followers. Guru Sahib showed that a Sikh should live in dignity and die with honour, and that a Sikh should never tolerate insult. Father Xavia, a Christian missionary from Spain, who was in India the time of Guru Ji's Shaheedi, wrote back to Queen Isabella of Spain and described Guru Arjan Dev Ji as embracing martyrdom.

Bhai Nand Lal [Singh] Ji writes in his poetry that if one word could describe and summarise Guru Arjan Dev Ji's life, that word be "Self-Sacrifice."


Bhul Chuk maaf karnee jee.

Related Links:
Katha (Panjabi) - Giani Sant Singh Maskeen Ji
Katha (English - Bhai Parminder Singh Ji
Shabad: ਮੂਰਤਿ ਪੰਚ ਪ੍ਰਮਾਣ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਗੁਰੁ ਅਰਜੁਨੁ ਪਿਖਹੁ ਨਯਣ ॥੧॥ - Audio / Translation


Sikh PROBLEMS blog said...

good post.

teji kaur said...

Guru Fateh bhaji
Dhan Dhan Dhan Dhan ( time infinty) Guru Arjan Dev Ji.I love Sikhi so much.We have such a deep history.Look at how two of our Gurus gave thier life for us.Everydy is Guruparab because we shud b thankful everyday for the great gift Guru Ji is.Celebrate them always.We are so blessed to have them.Sache.
Guru Rakha Sada Sada

Anonymous said...


the kirtan playing by bhai rajinder singh ji on your blog is jus mind blowing. vaheguru. provokes so many feelings, vaheguru, can explain it, vaheguru.

forgive me

vaheguru ji ka khalsa vaheguru ji ki fateh

tso said...

Thanks for providing Katha in English.

Can you tell me what Bhul Chuk maaf karnee jee means?

Manvir Singh Khalsa said...

"Bhul chuck" = errors and omissions

"Maaf" = forgive

"Karnee" = to do (verb)

All together it means:
"Please forgive any errors and omissions."

GurcharanSingh said...

Paaji, Im from SGUL Sikh Soc (sgulsikhsoc.blogspot.com) I run and create the monthly newsletter we produce may I paraphrase and use the work on Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji for my June edition? (email me at notoriuspug@hotmail.com) for more info! MAny thanks

Manvir Singh Khalsa said...

Gurcharan Singh Bhaji,

Feel free to use the article.

Rakesh Chhablani said...

Guru Granth sahib is so good and i like it so much......

its song of dhan dhan shri guru nanak sahib ho jag taran haran aaya dhan dhan shri guru arjan dev ji......i like so much